Globally disable GNOME's Trash in Debian-based distributions

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GNOME's built-in Trash has one particularly annoying feature: every time one deletes a file on a mounted drive, a ".Trash-<UID>" folder is created. This happens regardless of whether the storage device in question is formatted with a Linux filesystem, or not (e.g. USB flash drives or Windows shared folders).

If you are like me and want the Trash gone for good, here is a solution that will disable this "feature" globally, system-wide for everyone:


  1. BEWARE: this guide proposes to replace GNOME's libgio with a custom-compiled version which re-routes all calls of g_file_trash() to its pendant g_file_delete().
    Modifying system libraries is not without risks – I cannot accept any responsibility for any loss, disruption or damage to your data or computer system which may occur as a result of following the steps provided in this guide!
    Also, the following procedure will need to be repeated every time a system update causes a new libglib to be installed:

    $ sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
    Reading package lists... Done
    Building dependency tree
    Reading state information... Done
    Calculating upgrade... Done
    The following packages will be upgraded:
    libglib2.0-0


  2. Before getting started, make sure the latest updates are installed:

    $ sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

    Also, it would be wise to get answers to some basic questions first:
    • Which package contains GIO?

      $ apt-file search -x 'libgio-.*?\.so'
      libglib2.0-0: /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libgio-2.0.so.0
      libglib2.0-0: /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libgio-2.0.so.0.4200.1

      See also: Glib
    • Where are these files located?

      $ locate libgio-2.0.so.0.4200.1
      /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libgio-2.0.so.0.4200.1

      Note: all commands given in the remainder of this guide will refer to this specific version of libgio – on other systems, some adjustments will be necessary!

  3. Download source package for libglib-2.0.0:

    $ sudo apt-get source libglib2.0-0
    $ ls -l
    drwxr-xr-x 14 root root 4096 2015-05-01 11:03 glib2.0-2.42.1
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 68072 2014-11-12 23:24 glib2.0_2.42.1-1.debian.tar.xz
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 3119 2014-11-12 23:24 glib2.0_2.42.1-1.dsc
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 6985120 2014-11-12 23:24 glib2.0_2.42.1.orig.tar.xz


  4. Install build dependencies for libglib-2.0.0:

    $ sudo apt-get build-dep libglib2.0-0


  5. Extract glib2.0_2.42.1.orig.tar.xz into a newly created subdirectory ./extr:

    $ mkdir -p extr && tar xf glib2.0_2.42.1.orig.tar.xz -C extr/ && cd extr


  6. Open the file „glib-2.42.1/gio/gfile.c“ in an editor of your choice, locate the function g_file_trash() and replace its body with a
    single return (g_file_delete (...)) statement, as shown below (any existing code code should be commented out with /* ... */):

    $ sudo gedit glib-2.42.1/gio/gfile.c

gboolean
g_file_trash (GFile         *file,
              GCancellable  *cancellable,
              GError       **error)
{
  /* (Unconditionally) bypass the trash: */
  return (g_file_delete (file, cancellable, error));

/*// Existing code commented out:
  GFileIface *iface;

  g_return_val_if_fail (G_IS_FILE (file), FALSE);

  if (g_cancellable_set_error_if_cancelled (cancellable, error))
    return FALSE;

  iface = G_FILE_GET_IFACE (file);

  if (iface->trash == NULL)
    {
      g_set_error_literal (error,
                          G_IO_ERROR, G_IO_ERROR_NOT_SUPPORTED,
                          _("Trash not supported"));
      return FALSE;
    }

  return (* iface->trash) (file, cancellable, error);
*/
}
    • A comparison of this (modified) gfile.c with the one in the glib2.0-2.42.1 directory downloaded in step 2 should now reveal a single change:

      $ diff -b glib-2.42.1/gio/gfile.c ../glib2.0-2.42.1/gio/gfile.c
      3991,3994d3990
      < /* (Unconditionally) bypass the trash: */
      < return (g_file_delete (file, cancellable, error));<
      < /*// Existing code commented out:
      4013d4008
      < */

    • If the comparison in the previous step checks out, we're ready to proceed:

      # Copy the modified gfile.c over the one extracted in step 2:
      $ sudo cp glib-2.42.1/gio/gfile.c ../glib2.0-2.42.1/gio/gfile.c

      # Repack the glib2.0_2.42.1.orig.tar.xz archive:
      $ sudo tar cJf ../glib2.0_2.42.1.orig.tar.xz . && cd ..
      $ ls -l glib2.0_2.42.1.orig.tar.xz
      -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 7312816 glib2.0_2.42.1.orig.tar.xz


      # Remove the temporary extr directory:
      sudo rm -rf extr/


  1. Change into the glib2.0-2.42.1 directory downloaded in step 2, log in as the root user and run dpkg-buildpackage:

    $ cd glib2.0-2.42.1/
    $ sudo su root
    # dpkg-buildpackage

    Notes:
    1. In some cases, one of GLib's automated tests may "hang", thus preventing dpkg-buildpackage from completing the build:

      PASS: gsettings 23 /gsettings/no-read-binding
      ^Cmake[9]: *** Deleting file 'gsettings.log'
      Makefile:4163: recipe for target 'gsettings.log' failed
      make[9]: *** [gsettings.log] Interrupt

    2. If one is willing to skip the test suite, it's possible to solve this by invoking dpkg-buildpackage with the nocheck option (after having aborted the hanging test with <Ctrl-C>):

      # DEB_BUILD_OPTIONS=nocheck dpkg-buildpackage


  2. A successful run of dpkg-buildpackage will result in a set of newly created .DEB archives, which could be installed with dpkg:

    # exit
    $ ls -l ../*.deb
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2400624 ../libglib2.0-0_2.42.1-1_amd64.deb
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 6827444 ../libglib2.0-0-dbg_2.42.1-1_amd64.deb
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1674442 ../libglib2.0-0-refdbg_2.42.1-1_amd64.deb
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1335798 ../libglib2.0-bin_2.42.1-1_amd64.deb
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2172456 ../libglib2.0-data_2.42.1-1_all.deb
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2645490 ../libglib2.0-dev_2.42.1-1_amd64.deb
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2677670 ../libglib2.0-doc_2.42.1-1_all.deb
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2256398 ../libglib2.0-tests_2.42.1-1_amd64.de


  3. For our purposes, however, it is better to simply replace the systems libgio-2.0.so.0.4200.1 with the newly compiled one (after making a backup copy):
    # Backup current `libgio':

    $ sudo cp /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libgio-2.0.so.0.4200.1 /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libgio-2.0.so.0.4200.1-installed
    $ sudo touch -r /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libgio-2.0.so.0.4200.1 /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libgio-2.0.so.0.4200.1-installed

    After that it's necessary to reboot the system into the recovery mode, as the last step won't work while the GUI is running:
    # Install libgio's replacement:

    root@deb:~# cd /home/<your user>/libglib2.0-0/glib2.0-2.42.1/
    root@deb:/.../glib2.0-2.42.1# find ./debian/libglib2.0-0/usr/lib/ -name 'libgio-2.0.so.0.*' | xargs ls -l
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1541864 ./debian/libglib2.0-0/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libgio-2.0.so.0.4200.1
    root@deb:/.../glib2.0-2.42.1# cp ./debian/libglib2.0-0/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libgio-2.0.so.0.4200.1 /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libgio-2.0.so.0.4200.1

    Note:
    Please also make sure that all libgio-2.0.so* symlinks under /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu actually point to this updated libgio-2.0.so.0.4200.1!


  4. Reboot your system - the Trash will now no longer be used!


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